The Governor of New Mexico holds the supreme executive power of the state and sees that laws are faithfully executed. Other responsibilities, as identified in the state’s constitution and statutes, include but are not limited to:
Nomination and, with the consent of the Senate, appointment of all officers whose appointment or election is not otherwise provided for;
- Having the power to grant reprieves and pardons for all crimes except treason and except in cases of impeachment;
- Preparing the state budget and submitting it to the legislature no later than the 25th day of each regular session;
- Overseeing the overall planning for key areas of state government, including economic development, education, human and natural resources, and energy and emergency planning;
- Filling, by appointments, any vacancies that might occur in the Office of the United States Senate, the Court of Appeals, and the Office of Metropolitan Judge until an election is held; Designating three disaster successors for each member of the Supreme Court and for each judge of the District Court;
- Establishing temporary disaster locations for the seat of state government and declaring an energy supply alert or emergency and issuing special orders accordingly;
- Declaring a specific area to be in a state of insurrection and instituting martial law;
- Instituting a military draft if the National Guard forces are insufficient or calling the New Mexico Mounted Patrol into service in cases of “insurrection, invasion, riot, breach of the peace or imminent danger;”
- Revoking the commission of a notary public guilty of certain violations; and Serving as a member of the State Investment Council and the Land Commission and as an Ex- Officio advisory member of the board of regents of each state university.
Lieutenant Governor’s Duties and Missions
- The Lieutenant Governor is the President of the New Mexico Senate,
- ombudsman for constituent concerns, acting governor when the Governor is absent from the state, and member of the Executive Cabinet. Keeps a record of their activities and submits an annual report to the Governor.
- The Lieutenant Governor serves on the following boards and commissions: the Border Authority, the Community Development Council, the Workforce Development Board, the Mortgage Finance Authority, the Space Commercialization Commission, the Military Base Planning Commission and the State Board of Finance.
- Additionally, the Lieutenant Governor is the chairperson of the newly formed Children’s Cabinet - a body composed of department secretaries and agency heads who deal with children's issues. The Cabinet was created to streamline services to children and create better communication among the agencies charged with improving their lives.
Secretary of State’s Duties
The Office of the Secretary of State is an elected state office, second in line of succession to the office of Governor after the Lieutenant Governor. When the Governor and Lieutenant Governor are out of state, the Secretary must fill in for and perform all of the functions of the governor.
The Secretary of State is the keeper of the Great Seal of the State of New Mexico, and affixes the seal to all commissions issued in the name of the Governor. At the start of each new Legislature in January of each odd-numbered year, the Secretary calls the House of Representatives to order and presides over that body until a new Speaker of the House is elected.
But in addition to these statutory duties, the Secretary of State is responsible for administering an agency with a number of ongoing functions. Probably the most visible of these is the role as the state's chief election officer. The election responsibilities are housed in the Bureau of Elections. In this role the Secretary oversees the entire election process, which includes maintaining a computerized listing of the state's registered voters, testing and evaluating voting machines and certifying precinct boundary maps.
With the passage of the 1993 Governmental Ethics Acts, the office assumed the role of state government ethics regulator. Besides regulating lobbyist activity, this job oversees the reporting of campaign finances by candidates for public office and political action committees, as well as financial disclosure by candidates and state officials. In addition, under the Governmental Conduct Act, each elected statewide executive branch public officer and the Legislative Council are required to file a general code of conduct for the employees under their supervision.
The Secretary of State also maintains records vital to commerce and industry in New Mexico. Trademarks and servicemarks used in New Mexico may be registered in this office. Under the provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) and the Agricultural Filings Act, records of loans secured through financial institutions with the use of collateral must be filed with the office. All persons who wish to serve as notaries public must apply with the Secretary of State's office. In early 1995, on-line access was made available to the UCC filings and the list of registered lobbyists. The Secretary of State's on-line service will be expanded to include other election and commercial databases.